Function Words Constrain On-Line Recognition of Verbs
and Nouns in French 18-Month-Olds
Elodie Cauvet and Rita Limissuri
Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique
Laboratoire d’Etude de l’Apprentissage et du Développement, Université de Bourgogne
Department of Speech, Hearing and Phonetic Sciences, University College London
Maternité Port-Royal, Université Paris Descartes
Maternité Port-Royal, Université Paris Descartes,
and Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique
In this experiment using the conditioned head-turn procedure, 18-month-old French-learning toddlers were trained to respond to either a target noun (“la balle”/the ball) or a target verb (“je mange”/I eat). They were then tested on target word recognition in
two syntactic contexts: the target word was preceded either by a correct function word (“une balle”/a ball or “on mange”/they eat), or by an incorrect function word, signaling a word from the other category (∗“on balle”/they ball or ∗“une mange”/a eat). We showed that 18-month-olds exploit the syntactic context on-line to recognize the target word: verbs were recognized when preceded by a personal pronoun but not when preceded by determiner and vice-versa for nouns. These results suggest that 18-month-olds already know noun and verb contexts. As a result, they might be able to exploit them to categorize unknown words and constrain their possible meaning (nouns typically refer to objects whereas verbs typically refer to actions).
Para ter acesso ao texto na íntegra: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/15475441.2012.757970
(...) is the best contribution to the journal in a given year.
Tive o imenso prazer de participar dos estudos e realizar as primeiras pesquisas que deram origem a esse premiado artigo. Em 2007 fiz a defesa da monografia onde apresentei alguns dados iniciais.
Só tenho a agradecer á Anne Christophe, Severine Millotte, Elodie Cauvet e a todos do Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique de Paris.